This Day In History November 12

316th day of 2010 - 49 remaining
Friday, November 12, 2010

Whether you’re doing steps, low-impact aerobics or a plié, where would you be without the latest design in leotards?

The original leotard design was a skintight, one-piece garment with the lower portion resembling tights. On this day in 1859, the designer of the leotard, Jules Leotard, made his first public appearance as the world’s first flying trapeze artist, becoming the first to turn a somersault in mid-air and the first to jump from one trapeze to the next.

Just 21 years old, Jules had been practicing since he was a little boy. He would swing from a trapeze hanging over the swimming pool in his father’s gymnasium. The years of practice paid off ... first as the daring young man on the flying trapeze ... and second as the designer of the leotard, still worn by acrobats, dancers and exercise enthusiasts throughout the world.

Events November 12

1915 - Theodore W. Richards of Harvard University became the first American to be awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry. Richards was awarded the prize in Stockholm, Sweden.

1920 - Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis accepted a contract to become the first baseball commissioner. He became the czar following the Black Sox scandal of 1919 and remained commissioner for seven years.

1925 - Louis Armstrong recorded My Heart, starting a career that brought him worldwide fame.

1927 - After playing forty years in blue jerseys, Notre Dame’s Fighting Irish wore brilliant green jerseys and stockings for the first time. They took to the gridiron against Army in New York City.

1931 - Maple Leaf Gardens opened in Toronto, Ontario, Canada as the new home of the Toronto Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League.

1936 - The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opened to vehicular traffic. Total cost was $77.6 million. Tolls paid off the construction loans within twenty years.

1941 - Hot Lips Page performed the vocal for Artie Shaw’s very long and very slow version of St. James Infirmary on RCA Victor.

1942 - The World War II naval battle of Guadalcanal began. Although both sides suffered heavy losses, the U.S. won a major victory over the Japanese, whose forces on Guadalcanal were left virtually isolated.

1945 - The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Cordell Hull for his prominent participant in the originating of the United Nations.

1953 - David Ben-Gurion resigned as the first prime minister of Israel. (Ben-Gurion would serve another term as prime minister from 1955 to 1963.)

1954 - The last detained alien on Ellis Island (a Norwegian seaman who had overstayed his shore leave) sailed off on a Battery-bound ferry, signaling the closing of the station and the end of an era. The immigration station in New York Harbor Closed on this day after processing more than 12,000,000 immigrants since its opening in 1892.

1956 - The largest iceberg on record -- 208 miles long and 60 miles wide -- was sighted in the (far) South Pacific by the USS Glacier.

1966 - The Monkees was the number-one album in the U.S. The album featured songs made famous on The Monkees TV show: (Theme From) The Monkees, Saturday’s Child, I Wanna Be Free, Tomorrow’s Gonna Be Another Day, Papa Gene’s Blues, Take a Giant Step, Last Train to Clarksville, This Just Doesn’t Seem to Be My Day, Let’s Dance On, I’ll Be True to You, Sweet Young Thing and Gonna Buy Me a Dog.

1967 - Pearl Bailey took over the lead in the Broadway musical, Hello Dolly! ‘Pearlie Mae’ was a smash hit in the role.

1970 - After a successful London run, Anthony Quayle starred in the Broadway opening of Sleuth.

1970 - (Through Nov 13) An East Pakistan cyclone and tidal waves killed 200,000 people. Another 100,000 were reported missing. (Some estimates went as high as 500,000 killed and/or missing.)

1971 - U.S. President Richard Nixon announced the withdrawal of about 45,000 U.S. troops from Vietnam by the following February. Nixon declared, “American troops are now in a defensive position ... in a defensive role. The offensive activities of search and destroy are now being undertaken entirely by the South Vietnamese.”

1975 - Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas retired because of failing health, completing a record 36 1/2-year term.

1977 - New Orleans elected its first black mayor, Ernest ‘Dutch’ Morial -- despite vigorous white opposition.

1979 - U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced an immediate halt to all imports of Iranian oil and a freeze on Iranian assets in the U.S.

1980 - John Lennon’s (Just Like) Starting Over, from his Double-Fantasy album, was released. John and Yoko were seen kissing on the record cover.

1983 - Lionel Richie began the first of four consecutive weeks at the top of the music charts as All Night Long (All Night) became the most popular song in the U.S.

1984 - Spacewalker Joseph Allen became the first astronaut to rescue a satellite. The Discovery space shuttle made the $35 million rescue. When capturing the wayward satellite, Allen might have told mission control, “Hey, I can see HBO in here! The Movie Channel, too! And, look, there’s Showtime! Way cool!”

1988 - Rattle and Hum, the album by U2, started a six-week run at the top of the U.S. album charts. Hum along now, as we list the tracks on the Rattle and Hum: Helter Skelter, Van Diemen’s Land, Desire, Hawkmoon 269, All Along the Watchtower, I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For, Freedom for My People, Silver and Gold, Pride (In the Name of Love), Angel of Harlem, Love Rescue Me, When Love Comes to Town, Heartland, God Part II, The Star Spangled Banner, Bullet the Blue Sky, All I Want is You.

1989 - Grand Hotel opened at the Martin Beck Theater New York City. The musical drama ran for 1,017 performances.

1990 - Actress Eve Arden died in Beverly Hills, California. She was 82 years old. Arden is remembered for playing Constance ‘Connie' Brooks’ in the 1950s TV series Our Miss Brooks -- and for her other roles in dozens of films.

1990 - Japanese Emperor Akihito formally assumed the Chrysanthemum (Imperial) Throne.

1992 - In his first formal post-election news conference, U.S. President-elect Bill Clinton presented a detailed blueprint for action once he took office, and promised his administration would have the strictest ethical guidelines in history.

1993 - Former Nixon White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman died in Santa Barbara, CA. Haldeman, who was also involved the Watergate scandal, was 67 years old.

1994 - Wilma Rudolph, Olympic track and field gold medallist, died in Nashville, TN at age 54.

1995 - The space shuttle Atlantis blasted off on a mission to dock with the Russian space station Mir.

1995 - Israel’s ruling Labor Party unanimously approved Shimon Peres as its new leader, replacing slain Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.

1996 - A Saudi Boeing 747 jetliner collided with a Kazak Ilyushin-76 cargo plane shortly after takeoff from New Delhi, India. The crash killed 349 people.

1997 - Jury selection began in Sacramento, California, in the trial of accused Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.

1997 - Ramzi Yousef was convicted in New York of masterminding the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center.

1999 - First-run movies in the U.S. this day: Anywhere But Here, starring Susan Sarandon, Natalie Portman and Bonnie Bedelia; Dogma, starring Ben Affleck, George Carlin, Matt Damon and Linda Fiorentino; Light It Up, with Usher Raymond, Forest Whitaker, Rosario Dawson and Vanessa L. Williams; and The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc, starring Milla Jovovich John Malkovich Faye Dunaway Dustin Hoffman.

1999 - In Turkey a 7.2 earthquake was centered at Duzce. More than 600 people were killed and another 3000 were injured. Damage from two late-1999 quakes was later estimated at $10-25 billion.

2000 - Leah Rabin died at the age of 72. Rabin was the widow of assassinated Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. She was an outspoken campaigner for Mideast peace.

2001 - An American Airlines Airbus A300-600, en route from New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport to the Dominican Republic, crashed 103 seconds after takeoff, killing 265 people. Within a day or two of the crash, the vertical tail of the Airbus A-300 was found nearly intact in nearby Jamaica Bay. In 2004, the National Transportation Safety Board said an overly sensitive rudder system on the Airbus and inadequate pilot training by American were contributing factors in the crash. But most of the blame was placed on the co-pilot’s improper use of the jet’s rudder while trying to steady the plane.

2003 - Actress Penny Singleton died. Singleton, born Dorothy McNulty, played in some fifty movies and was the voice of Blondie on radio (1939-1950). She was also the voice of Jane Jetson in the TV cartoon The Jetsons.

2004 - Scott Peterson was convicted of the first degree murder of his pregnant wife and dumping her body in San Francisco Bay in Dec 2002. Prosecutors portrayed the crime as a cold-blooded attempt to escape marriage and fatherhood byt the 32-year-old Peterson. He was also convicted of the second degree murder of the unborn child.

2004 - Kings, princes and presidents from around the world paid final tribute to Yasser Arafat at a military funeral in Cairo. Arafat was interned in the West Bank town of Ramallah. Looking on were tens of thousands of emotional mourners who had swarmed a Jordanian military helicopter that brought the body of the Palestinian leader from the funeral in Egypt.

2004 - These films opened in U.S. theatres: After the Sunset, with Pierce Brosnan, Woody Harrelson, Salma Hayek, Naomi Harris, Don Cheadle, Obba Babatunde and Alan Dale; Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason, starring Renee Zellweger, Colin Firth, Hugh Grant and Jim Broadbent; Finding Neverland, with Johnny Depp, Dustin Hoffman, Julie Christie, Kate Winslet, Radha Mitchell and Freddie Highmore; and Seed of Chucky, starring Brad Dourif, Jennifer Tilly, Billy Boyd, Debbie Lee Carrington, Redman, John Waters and Hannah Spearitt.

2005 - Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire premiered at the Ziegfeld Theatre in New York City.

2006 - Ang Chuang Yang, a 16-year-old student in Singapore, broke the Guinness World Record for shortest time needed to type a 160-character SMS (short message service) message. Yang whizzed through the task in less than 42 seconds, beating the previous mark of 42.22 seconds set in July 2006 by an American.

2007 - Airbus said it was building a 380 VIP double-decker jet for Saudi Prince Alwaleed BIN Talal. Price: $320 million+.

2007 - Author Ira Levin died at 78 years of age in Manhattan. His work included the best-sellers "Rosemary's Baby" (1967), The Stepford Wives (1972), and The Boys from Brazil (1976). Levin also wrote for the stage, including No Time for Sergeants, starring a young Andy Griffith, and the long-running Deathtrap. Both were later adapted to the screen.

2008 - The U.S. issued rules barring banks from processing payments to most online gambling sites, effectively making Internet betting illegal in the U.S.

2009 - The Atlantic seaboard was drenched in rain from Tropical Storm Ida. Three deaths were reported in Virginia and one in North Carolina.

2009 - U.S. prosecutors filed a civil complaint in federal court against the Alavi Foundation. The feds were after more than $500 million in assets of the Muslim nonprofit organization.

2010 - New movies in U.S. theatres: The documentary, Cool It (The end of civilization as we know it?); Skyline, starring Eric Balfour, Brittany Daniel, Donald Faison, David Zayas and Scottie Thompson; Tiny Furniture, with Lena Dunham, Laurie Simmonsl Grace Dunham, Jemima Kirke and Alex Karpovsky; and Unstoppable, starring Denzel Washington, Chris Pine, Rosario Dawson, Elizabeth Mathis and Jessy Schram.

Birthdays November 12

1815 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton
women’s rights activist; died October 26, 1902

1839 - Frank Furness
Lieutenant in U.S. Army during Civil War, rising to the rank of Captain; architect: designed 400+ buildings including banks, churches, synagoges, rail stations for the Pennsylvania, and Baltimore and Ohio railroads, and numerous stone mansions; died: June 27, 1912

1840 - Auguste Rodin
sculptor: Gates of Hell, The Kiss, The Thinker, The Balzac, The Burghers of Calais, St. John the Baptist Preaching; museums in Paris and Philadelphia named for him; died Nov 17, 1917

1866 - Sun Yat-Sen
Chinese revolutionary leader: China [1911]; died Mar 12,1925

1898 - Leon Stukelj
Olympic gold medalist: gymnast [2 gold medals in 1924]; first gymnast from Slovenia to win an Olympic gold medal; died Nov 8, 1999 [four days before his 101st birthday]

1903 - Jack Oakie (Lewis Delaney Offield)
actor: Lover Come Back, The Rat Race, Song of the Islands, Tin Pan Alley, The Texas Rangers; died Jan 23, 1978

1908 - Harry Blackmun
Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court [1970]: wrote the majority opinion in Roe vs. Wade; died Mar 4, 1999

1917 - Jo Stafford
singer: Shrimp Boats [Are A-Comin’, There’s Dancin’ Tonight], Jambalaya, Long Ago and Far Away, No Other Love, Candy, You Belong to Me, Make Love to Me; group: Pied Pipers: Dream; died July 16, 2008

1920 - Sunset Carson (Winifred Maurice Harrison)
actor: Stage Door Canteen, Rio Grande Raiders, Alias Billy the Kid; died May 1, 1990

1920 - Richard Quine
actor: Babes on Broadway, For Me and My Gal, director: The World of Suzy Wong, Bell Book and Candle, How to Murder Your Wife, Sex and the Single Girl; died Jun 10, 1989

1922 - Kim Hunter (Janet Cole)
Academy Award-winning actress: A Streetcar Named Desire [1951]; Requiem for a Heavyweight, Planet of the Apes series, The Edge of Night, Backstairs at the White House; died Sep 11, 2002

1926 - George Ratterman
football: QB: Univ. of Notre Dame, Buffalo Bills, NY Yankees, Cleveland Browns; died Nov 3, 2007

1929 - Grace Kelly (Princess Grace of Monaco)
Academy Award-winning actress: The Country Girl [1954]; To Catch a Thief, High Society, High Noon, Rear Window, Dial “M” for Murder; singer: True Love [w/Bing Crosby]; died Sep 14, 1982

1931 - Bob Crewe
producer: The Four Seasons, Mitch Ryder, The Bob Crewe Generation: Music to Watch Girls By

1934 - Ann Flood
actress: The Edge of Night

1943 - Brian Hyland
singer: Sealed with a Kiss, Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polkadot Bikini, Let Me Belong to You

1943 - John Maus
musician: bass, singer: trio: The Walker Brothers: My Ship is Coming In, Make It Easy on Yourself, The Sun Ain’t Gonna Shine Anymore

1943 - Wallace Shawn
actor: House Arrest, Clueless, The Magic Bubble, Radio Days, The Princess Bride, Micki & Maude, The Hotel New Hampshire, A Little Sex, My Dinner with Andre, Simon, All That Jazz

1944 - Booker T. Jones
musician: group: Booker T and the MG’s: Green Onions, Time is Tight

1944 - Ken Houston
Pro Football Hall of Famer: Houston Oilers safety: NFL Individual Season Record holder: 4 interceptions returned for touchdowns [1971]

1944 - Al Michaels
sportscaster: NBC Sunday Night Football [2006- ]; Monday Night Football [1986-2005]; Emmy: Outstanding Sports Personality -- Play-by-Play [Host]: 1986, 1989, 1995]; inducted into National Sportscasters and Sportswriters Association Hall of Fame [1998]; NSSA Sportscaster of the Year: 1980, 1983, 1986]

1945 - John Schroeder
golf: PGA, SPGA tour; commentator: NBC Sports; son of Wimbledon and Davis Cup winner, Ted Schroeder

1945 - Neil Young
singer, songwriter, musician: Only Love Can Break Your Heart, Heart of Gold, Philadelphia; group: Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young: LP: Deja Vu; Buffalo Springfield: For What It’s Worth

1948 - Errol Brown
songwriter [w/Tony Wilson]: Think About Your Children, Bet Your Life I Do; singer: group: Hot Chocolate: Give Piece a Chance, Love is Life, I Believe in Love, Brother Louie, Cicero Park, Emma, Disco Queen, You Sexy Thing, So You Win Again, I’ll Put You Back Together Again, Every 1’s a Winner, Girl Crazy, Chances

1948 - Cliff Harris
football: Dallas Cowboys safety: Super Bowl: V, VI, X, XII, XIII

1950 - Barbara Fairchild
singer: The Teddy Bear Song, Kid Stuff

1952 - Steve Bartkowski
football: QB: Univ. of California, Atlanta Falcons [NFC Rookie of the Year: 1975]

1955 - Leslie McKeown
singer: group: The Bay City Rollers: Bye Bye Baby, Give Me a Little Love, I Only Wanna Be With You, Saturday Night

1958 - Megan Mullally
actress: Will & Grace, The Pact, Stealing Harvard, Monkeybone, Best Man in Grass Creek, Anywhere But Here, Winchell, Queens Logic

1961 - Nadia Comaneci
Olympic Gold Medalist: gymnastics [1976]: 7 perfect 10s

1961 - Greg Gagne
baseball [shortstop, second, third base, outfield, designated hitter]: Minnesota Twins, Kansas City Royals, LA Dodgers

1962 - Jeff Reed
baseball [catcher, third base]: Minnesota Twins, Montreal Expos, Cincinnati Reds, San Francisco Giants, Colorado Rockies, Chicago Cubs

1963 - Sam Lloyd
actor: Scrubs, Super Capers, Tour de Fright, Cry for Help, The Real Old Testament, Galaxy Quest, A Bucket of Blood, Rising Sun

1967 - Michael Moorer
heavyweight boxing champ: career record: 47-4-1, 37 KOs

1968 - Aya Hisakawa
singer, actress: Puni puni poemi, Cardcaptor Sakura: Fuin sareta card, Geobreeders, Yosei Hime Ren, Aozora Shoujotai, Mamono Hunter Yōko no jijō

1968 - Randy Knorr
baseball [catcher]: Toronto Blue Jays, Houston Astros, Florida Marlins, Texas Rangers, Montreal Expos

1968 - Sammy (Samuel Peralta) Sosa
baseball: Texas Rangers, Chicago White Sox, Chicago Cubs [joined Mark McGwire in breaking Roger Maris's record of 61 home runs in single season with 66 in 1998, 63 in 1999, 64 in 2001/all-star: 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001]

1970 - Tonya Harding
ice skater: involved in attack on fellow skater Nancy Kerrigan, pleaded guilty to obstructing justice

1970 - Craig Parker
actor: The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Weekend Lovers, No One Can Hear You, The Tommyknockers

1972 - Homer Bush
baseball [shortstop, second base]: New York Yankees, Toronto Blue Jays, Florida Marlins

1973 - Mayte Garcia
dancer and singer, actress: That’s Incredible!, Firehouse Dog, Dus, Love Don’t Cost a Thing, The Sacrifice of Victor, Las Vegas, Nip/Tuck; former wife of pop star, Prince

1975 - Chris Wells
hockey: Pittsburgh Penguins, Florida Panthers

1978 - Ashley Williams
actress: Obstacles, Indian Summer, Good Morning, Miami, As the World Turns

1979 - Corey Maggette
basketball [forward]: Duke Univ; NBA: Orlando Magic, LA Clippers

1980 - Ryan Gosling
actor: The Believer, Remember the Titans, Frankenstein and Me, Young Hercules, Breaker High

1982 - Anne Hathaway
actress: Get Smart [2008], Becoming Jane, Brokeback Mountain, Havoc, Ella Enchanted, Nicholas Nickleby, The Other Side of Heaven

Chart Toppers November 12

1944I’ll Walk Alone - Dinah Shore
Dance with a Dolly - The Russ Morgan Orchestra (vocal: Al Jennings)
How Many Hearts Have You Broken - The Three Suns
Smoke on the Water - Red Foley

1953Vaya Con Dios - Les Paul & Mary Ford
You, You, You - The Ames Brothers
Ebb Tide - The Frank Chacksfield Orchestra
I Forgot More Than You’ll Ever Know - The Davis Sisters

1962He’s a Rebel - The Crystals
Big Girls Don’t Cry - The 4 Seasons
All Alone Am I - Brenda Lee
I’ve Been Everywhere - Hank Snow

1971Maggie May /Reason to Believe - Rod Stewart
Theme from Shaft - Isaac Hayes
Imagine - John Lennon Plastic Ono Band
Here Comes Honey Again - Sonny James

1980Woman in Love - Barbra Streisand
Lady - Kenny Rogers
The Wanderer - Donna Summer
On the Road Again - Willie Nelson

1989When I See You Smile - Bad English
Blame It on the Rain - Milli Vanilli
(It’s Just) The Way that You Love Me - Paula Abdul
Burnin’ Old Memories - Kathy Mattea

1998Thank U - Alanis Morissette
One Week - Barenaked Ladies
My Favorite Mistake - Sheryl Crow
Wide Open Spaces - Dixie Chicks

2007Apologize - Timbaland featuring OneRepublic
Stronger - Kanye West
Bubbly - Colbie Caillat
Don’t Blink - Kenny Chesney

B Hunter

Happy Birthday Neil Young